Planets plays a significant role in astrology. So it is very necessary to have the basic understanding of planets and what they represents in vedic astrology. Here I mentioned planets and their representation.
Sun has a masculine energy. The energy is forceful and dynamic. Sun spends approximately 30 days in each sign. Sun is considered as a fast moving planet in astrology as it spends less time in each zodiac sign. Sun is a hot, dry, fiery planet. Sun illuminates the house in which it is placed. The placement of sun determines the psychology and personality of a person. Sun in astrology helps to build certain personality in an individual that makes each individual unique. Sun represents our ego,confidence, soul, father, fatherly figures, government, authority, politics, creativity,leadership, heart, vital life force, Recognition, fame power, favor from government, success,prestige, enthusiasm,brilliance, royalty, name, fame, bones, souls, health, education, king, entrepreneurship, creativity.
Moon represents mind, emotions, subconscious mind, imaginations, local or state government, home, happiness, mother, breast, lungs, beauty, sensitivity, sleep, travel, pearl. silver,watery places, blood,masses, crowd, people , grains, fruits, soft/white objects, water, milk, nourishment, intuition, parenting, part of your personality
Mars represents courage, willpower, actions, bloodshed, fighter, soldiers, boldness, discipline, accident, war, weapons, younger siblings, land/ property, house, sweets,kitchen, fire, youth, fearless, wound, coral copper, war, explosive manufacturer, aggressiveness
Mercury represents intelligence, speech, tongue, communication, brain, central nervous system, education, memory,reading, writing, maternal uncle, nephews, cousins, friends, adopted son, mathematics, occult science, astrology, arts, drama, music, dance, business, trade.
Jupiter represents wealth, knowledge, Optimism, wisdom, family, celebration, children, marriage, education,spirituality, religious acts, life force, happiness, pilgrimage, Generosity, prosperity, law, economics, liver, respect, husband in women chart, counseling
Venus represents, luxury, comforts, conveyance, marriage, relationship, romance, wife in man chart, assets, love, semen, ovaries,music, dance, drama, abundance, jewellery, diamond.
Saturn represents Longevity, Sorrow, Misery, delay, obstacles, career, routine jobs, justice, law and order, teeth, Nerves, livelihood, karma , elders, servants, paternal uncle,service, learning language, inheritance, mineral, oil, things buried underground, black, dark, fear, anxiety.
Rahu represents desire, illusion, manipulation, cheating, gadgets, electricity, obstacles, gambling, wicked, cunning, skin diseases, insects, dark places, domed, widow,speech, poison, cancer, snake bite, foreign things, foreign land, fear, anxiety, selfishness, drugs, unknown things.
Ketu represents spirituality, isolation, separation, abandonment of material things, moksha, salvation, liberation, philosophy, allergy, fever, wound, surgery, insects, spotted dogs, mysterious diseases.